(447) Christ’s Resurrection – Four Accounts, One Reality – EMERGING TRENDS IN THE CHURCH TODAY

As we approach Easter, a good article about Christ’s resurrection:

Christ’s Resurrection—Four Accounts, One Reality

Biblical Authority

by Tim Chaffey on April 5, 2015
Christ’s Resurrection led to a confusing day, as His followers raced around the citySkeptics point to alleged contradictions to prove Scripture wrongCan the four Gospels be reconciled?

The Gospels can’t keep their stories straightHow many women went to the tomb and when did they leaveHow many angels visited the tombDid Jesus appear to all the women or just Mary Magdalene?

Actual contradictions in the Resurrection reports would raise serious concerns for ChristianityIf these discrepancies are legitimate, they would be a strike against the preservation of Scripture, but errors would not prove anything against the truth of the Lord’s Resurrection or the infallible original recordsNevertheless, Christians need not worryThese accounts can be reconciled. Indeed, when we put all the pieces together, the wonder of the Resurrection shines out in even greater glory.

Early Morning

When did the women go to the tomb, and how many went?

The Gospels refer to different times and name different women who arrived at the tombMatthew states that “Mary Magdalene and the other Mary” came to the tomb as it “began to dawn” (Matthew 28:1)Mark adds Salome to the group and claims that they came “very early in the morning” (Mark 16:1–2)Luke agrees that it was “very early in the morning” and names “Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women” as those who came to the tomb (Luke 24:124:10)John wrote that “Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark” (John 20:1).


Regarding the timing of the women’s trip, the sticky point is John’s claim that they went to the tomb “while it was still dark” (John 20:1)Was it very early in the morning at dawn, or was it still darkOne plausible solution is that the phrases used in the Gospels all refer to the same general timeMuch of the sky is still dark when the day begins to dawn very early in the morning.

Perhaps a better solution is that John may have described when the women initially left for the tomb, while the other Gospels described when the women arrivedIf they lodged in Bethany, as they had done earlier in the week, then the women would need to travel about two miles to reach the burial site (John 11:18), plenty of time for the sun to rise.

Resolving the differences in the number of women listed is straightforward. At least five women went to the tomb, since Luke names three of them and then says “other women” went too (at least two)Notice that Matthew does not say that only two women were thereMark does not say only three women were thereThey simply focus on the women they nameAlthough John names only Mary Magdalene, he is clearly aware that she was not aloneReporting to Peter and John, she said, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him” (John 20:2, italics added).

Was the tomb already open, and how many angels appeared?

Mark 16:4Luke 24:2, and John 20:1 state outright that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb prior to the women’s arrivalMatthew’s wording has caused some consternationAfter writing about the women going to the tomb he writes, “And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it” (Matthew 28:2)Although this description follows his mention of the women heading to the tomb, Matthew does not claim that this event occurred as the women arrived. Instead, he provides helpful details about what had already happened.

The angelic appearances have also drawn criticismWas there one angel at the tomb, as described in Matthew 28:2–7 and Mark 16:5–7, or two angels, as stated in Luke 24:4–7 and John 20:12This minor difficulty is easily explainedThere were two angelsNeither Matthew nor Mark claims that only one angel was at the tombThe complete number does not appear in their accountsIt is not a problem that Mark and Luke call the angels “men,” since angels frequently appeared in the form of men and were identified as such elsewhere (Genesis 18:1–2Daniel 9:21).

Order of Appearances

The alleged contradictions already mentioned are relatively easy to reconcile, but resolving the diverse accounts given in the four Gospels and 1 Corinthians 15:5–8 concerning the post-Resurrection appearances is more difficultNone of these accounts mentions all of the Lord’s appearances, so the information must be pieced together from all five sources.

When and where did each woman see Jesus?

This is the most complex issue concerning the reporting of appearances.1 Matthew asserts that the women visited the tomb and saw an angelWhile they were on the way to tell the disciples, Jesus appeared to themThere would be no difficulty here except that John has Mary Magdalene individually returning from the tomb to report to Peter and John that the body had been taken awayOnly after her return to the tomb with the two disciples is she granted the privilege of being the first to see the risen SaviorSo how can both accounts of women seeing Jesus be accurate? Many Gospel harmonies have been written, and there are a handful of plausible solutionsI believe the following scenario makes the best sense of the available data (see map).

The Events on Resurrection Day

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Mary Magdalene and the other women travel from Bethany to Jesus’ tomb.

As mentioned above, at least five women set out for the tomb in the early morning, probably from BethanyAs they neared the tomb, they noticed the stone had been removedApparently, Mary Magdalene left the other women to alert Peter and JohnBased on her comment about not knowing the location of the Lord’s body, it seems that she was not among the women who encountered the angels at the tomb.

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Meanwhile, the other women entered the tomb and encountered the angelsOne of the angels proclaimed that the Lord had risen, and then “the women went out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to bring His disciples word” (Matthew 28:8–9).

So how could Jesus first appear to Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9) and then to the other womenAs they headed for the tomb, why didn’t Mary, Peter, and John cross paths with the other women who were going to tell the disciples?

The key to resolving these dilemmas is to understand that Peter and John were probably not staying in the same place as the other disciplesRemember, although all the disciples “forsook Him and fled” at His arrest (Matthew 26:56), Peter and John were brave enough to enter Jerusalem to find out what would happen to Jesus (John 18:15)Of course, Peter fled in shame at the rooster’s crow (Matthew 26:75), but John was present at the Cross (John 19:26). At some point, John and Peter met up, and they were likely staying together in Jerusalem when Mary Magdalene came to the door on Sunday morning.

Where were the other disciples, then? We cannot be certain, but they may well have stayed in BethanyAfter all, this is where Jesus often stayed on trips to Jerusalem, and Bethany was on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives (Mark 11:1), the location of Christ’s arrest.

If these suppositions are correct, then all of the difficulties are resolved nicelyMary Magdalene first left the tomb and entered nearby Jerusalem to get Peter and JohnDuring that time, the other women encountered the angels and then left the tomb to set out on the two-mile trip to Bethany to tell the other disciplesThey may have stopped along the way to tell Clopas and an unnamed disciple about the morning’s events (Luke 24:22–24), or they may have split up so that a couple of them could inform these menIn all likelihood, “the wife of Clopas” was among these women (John 19:25).

Meanwhile, Peter, John, and Mary raced to the tombThe men entered the tomb, saw the grave clothes, and then leftMary stayed behind, weeping outside the tombWhen she looked into the tomb, she saw two angels (John 20:12), and after explaining her grief to them, she turned around and saw the Savior (John 20:16)After Mary departed to tell Peter and John about seeing the risen Lord, Jesus appeared to the other women who were on their way to Bethany (Matthew 28:9).

Three More Appearances on Sunday

The remaining appearances of Christ on that day are much easier to follow. Luke wrote about Clopas and a companion meeting the Lord while they walked from Jerusalem to EmmausThey did not recognize Him until He broke bread with them (Luke 24:30–31).

They immediately returned to Jerusalem to share the good news with the disciples, who were gathered together without Thomas (John 20:19–24). Upon their arrival, they were told by the disciples that Jesus had appeared to Simon Peter (Luke 24:34; see also 1 Corinthians 15:5)It is unclear whether Peter saw Jesus before the two disciples saw Him on the road to Emmaus.

As they shared exciting details about the day’s events, Jesus appeared to the whole groupAt first they were frightened, but the Lord showed them His scars and then ate some broiled fish and honeycomb (Luke 24:40–43).

Remaining Appearances

Jesus continued to appear to people over a forty-day period (Acts 1:3)Eight days after His Resurrection, Jesus appeared to the disciples again, and this time Thomas was present (John 20:24–29).

Over the next few weeks Jesus appeared to seven disciples at the Sea of Galilee (John 21:1–2)While still in Galilee, the disciples also saw Jesus on a hillside (Matthew 28:16–17)This may have been the event Paul mentioned where Jesus appeared to over 500 people at once (1 Corinthians 15:6)After that, Jesus was seen by His half-brother James, the son of Mary and Joseph (1 Corinthians 15:7).

The disciples returned to Jerusalem, where Jesus appeared to them a final timeHe delivered the Great Commission, led them out to Bethany at the Mount of Olives, and ascended into heaven (Luke 24:50–51Acts 1:9–11).2


Luke declared that after Jesus suffered and died on the Cross, He showed Himself alive “by many infallible proofs” (Acts 1:3)Skeptics will surely continue to question Scripture and neglect reasonable solutions to the dilemmas they propose…….


=> The remaining portion of this article is found at https://answersingenesis.org/jesus-christ/resurrection/christs-resurrection-four-accounts-one-reality/

One response to “(447) Christ’s Resurrection – Four Accounts, One Reality – EMERGING TRENDS IN THE CHURCH TODAY”

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